Your dog’s kidneys are important because they remove waste substances from the bloodstream and maintain the normal balance of fluid and minerals within the body. But if the kidneys are not able to do their job, the result could be life threatening for your dog.
Kidney failure is a condition that damages your dog’s kidneys, leading to kidney or renal disease. The most common and widespread form of kidney failure in dogs is called Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD).
In some cases, dogs may show early warning signs of kidney disease. However, signs of serious illness only appear after 75% of kidney function has already been lost. This is the reason why early detection of renal failure in your dog is so important.
The sooner kidney disease is diagnosed, the more time there is to address the underlying cause or slow the disease’s progression. On diagnosis, the condition has already been present for some time, but this lifelong disease can be managed very well with the right nutrition.
IMPORTANT: An increase in thirst may be the first sign of kidney failure. If you notice this, or any of the signs below, consult your veterinarian immediately.
The signs of kidney disease can be difficult to recognise, but if you notice any of the following signs, ask your veterinarian for a simple kidney screening test. Early identification is key to managing kidney disease.
- Increased thirst and urination
- Decreased appetite
- Weight loss
- Bad breath and a sore mouth
- Weight loss and weakness
- Vomiting and diarrhea
If your dog is diagnosed with kidney disease, your veterinary may describe it as either acute or chronic.
Acute Kidney Disease: Acute, or sudden, kidney disorders in your dog can be caused by:
- Blood loss
- Surgical stress
- Severe dehydration
Chronic Kidney Disease: Chronic, or long-term, kidney disease in dogs can result from the above factors plus breed and hereditary tendencies, in coordination with nutritional factors and immune system defects. Chronic kidney disease is progressive and irreversible.
The food your dog eats plays an important role in his overall health and well-being. If your dog is diagnosed with kidney or renal disease, modifying his food can help manage the disease by reducing the amounts of protein, phosphorus and salt in this food. Phosphorus restriction seems especially important in lessening the severity of the clinical signs and progression of kidney damage. Reducing protein levels may also help restore normal acid-base levels.
If your dog has kidney problems, a food like Prescription Diet k/d is clinically proven to lengthen lifespan and improve quality of life. Consult with your veterinarian and discuss the best food for your dog’s kidney health.